The 2021 Lowy Institute Global Diplomacy Index visualises the diplomatic networks of 65 G20, OECD and Asian countries and territories, allowing users to compare the most significant diplomatic networks in the world. The 2021 edition now makes data available across four years – 2016, 2017, 2019 and 2021 – and sees the addition of four new countries and organisations. Colombia and Costa Rica joined the OECD in 2021, while the diplomatic networks of the European External Action Service and Papua New Guinea have also been added to the Index.

The original Index was released in March 2016 and covered 42 countries in the G20 and OECD. In December 2017 a second edition was released, expanding the Index by 17 Asian countries and Latvia, which acceded to the OECD in 2016. The 2019 edition of the Index further added Lithuania, which joined the OECD in July 2018.

The Index’s interactive map highlights gaps and concentrations in diplomatic networks, and indicates strengths and weaknesses in geographic coverage and geopolitical reach. It ranks each country in terms of its diplomatic network against other G20, OECD and Asian players. Users can view the global map of networks, select and view individual country networks on the map, prepare side-by-side comparisons of networks, as well as see diplomatic representations city by city for any of the four years.

The complete dataset for 2021 can be downloaded below. 2016 data can be downloaded here and 2017 data can be downloaded here and 2019 data can be downloaded here.



The data in the 2021 Global Diplomacy Index derives from a combination of sources, including desk research on foreign ministry websites of each of the 65 countries and territories, secondary sources where relevant, and direct data exchanges between the Lowy Institute and the relevant ministries of foreign affairs, their embassies and consulates. The data for the 2021 Index was collected between March 2021 and August 2021. More information is available in the full methodology.

If you have further information that will help us keep this resource as accurate as possible, please contact us.



Download the full methodology below.


*For countries which are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, High Commissions are their diplomatic missions in Commonwealth countries, and Embassies are their diplomatic missions in non-Commonwealth countries.


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Lowy Institute Global Diplomacy Index by Lowy Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at globaldiplomacyindex.lowyinstitute.org